vegetation of tamil nadu

January 7, 2021

Most of the Tamil Nadu forests have been made into various national parks, wildlife reserves and sanctuaries in order to conserve the diverse flora and fauna. Tropical semi evergreen. The average contribution is 25-30%. In Tamil Nadu, Forest vegetation is divided into 3 major groups according to temperature zones namely Tropical Forests, Montane Subtropical Forests and Montane Temperate Forests, which are sub divided into nine type groups based on moisture and physiognomic variation. There are more than 2000 species of fauna that can be found in Tamil Nadu. S.No: Major Forest Type group: 1. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. Question 2. The central area is more arid. It is bordered by Kerala to the west, Karnataka to the northwest, Andhra Pradesh to the north, the Bay of Bengal to the east and the Indian Ocean to the south. Name some Bird sanctuaries in India. Mahathevan K. 659k watch mins. May 11, 2020 • 1h 23m . The vegetation, typically evergreen of moderate height, with leathery leaves, vivipary usually, composed of trees specially adapted to survive on tidal mud, permanenetly wet with salt water and submerged every tide. For example, the hills of Tamil Nadu are generally blessed with moderate temperatures during the day with cool nights. The Western Ghats, one of the 34 globally recognised biodiversity hotspots (Mittermeier & al., 2004), also forms a significant part of the state. To see this page as it is meant to appear, please enable your Javascript! •These areas receive more than 200 cm of rainfall. Types of Natural Vegetation in India. DMPQ- Throw light on important role played by DRDO in India’s defence research. According to Champion and Seth (1968), it is termed as tidal swamp forest. This chapter focuses on the distribution, characteristics and utilisation of different resources in Tamil Nadu. Cloudflare Ray ID: 60e16cd14c74dc8d The vegetation in Reserve Forests and hillocks was similar, while the temple groves showed greater variation and were dissimilar from the Reserve Forest/hillock formation. The vegetation of the Tamil Nadu forests range from dry deciduous forests to moist deciduous forests. Total wetland area estimated is 902534 ha which is 6.92 % of the geographic area. On the other hand, the coastal regions of Tamil Nadu have very little differences in their summer or winter temperatures. CHENNAI: Anticipating loan assistance from NABARD, the Tamil Nadu government has embarked on a ₹350 crore work to modernize and restore the irrigation system of … The important species are Manilkara hexandra, Albizzia amara, Memecylon umbellatum, Atlantia monophylla and Pheonix sylvestris. They are . This moisture gets transported to Tamil Nadu resulting in good rainfall,” said Subimal Ghosh, lead investigator and professor, IIT-B. On the other hand, the coastal regions of Tamil Nadu have very little differences in their summer or winter temperatures. Various Tamil and Kerala kings fought over this rich agricultural land, which boasted six rivers. Answer: Tamil Nadu extends 8° 4′ N to 13° 35′ N latitudes and from 76° 18′ E to 80° 20′ E longitudes. Tamil Birders Meet 2018 The fifth Tamil Birders Meet was held at PAC Ramasamy Raja Polytechnic College, Rajapalayam, Virudhunagar District on 1st and 2nd December 2018. It is unique for its having both the Eastern and Western Ghats in its territory. In Eastern Ghats it is found in the upper slopes and Plateau of Shevaroys, Kollimalai, and Pachamalai. Tropical Rain Forests: These forests are restricted to heavy rainfall areas of the Western Ghats and the island groups of Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar, upper parts of Assam and Tamil Nadu coast. Wetlands of Tamil Nadu. Around 310 individuals participated in this event. Bombax ceiba, Dillenia pentagyna, Mitragyna parviflora and Terminalia spp., are the common trees, This type of forest is present in the coastal area in the river deltas along the edges of the delta streams, tails of islands and over sea face where accreation is in progress. Mention the Latitudinal and Longitudial extent of Tamil Nadu. The common vegetation of sholas are Ilex, Syzygium, Michelia, Eurya and Rhododendron. This rich wildlife is attributed to the diverse relief features as well as favorable climate and vegetation in the Indian state. This rich wildlife is attributed to the diverse relief features as well as favorable climate and vegetation in the Indian state. About 75% of India’s rainfall is from the south west monsoon. In Tamil Nadu montane forest is mostly confined to moist and sheltered valleys, glens and hollows as in the Anamalis, Nilgiri and Palani hills tops at above 1000 m. They are known in Tamil as ‘Sholas’. Answer: Tamil Nadu extends 8° 4′ N to 13° 35′ N latitudes and from 76° 18′ E to 80° 20′ E longitudes. Answer: During southwest monsoon, Tamil Nadu is located in the rain shadow region for the wind, which blows from the Arabian sea. DMPQ- What is temperature inversion and how does it effect atmosphere? In fact, Tamil Nadu is the only state with both hill ranges, Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats, both meet at the Nilgiri hills. Your IP: 139.59.59.164 Most of the Tamil Nadu forests have been made into various national parks, wildlife reserves and sanctuaries in order to conserve the diverse flora and fauna. In addition to thorny trees and scrubs, mangroves, evergreen forests and grasslands are also found in … The sand dunes in coastal regions of Tirunelveli are important ecosystems because of their small size, the rare species found in this habitat, and the beautiful landscapes they create. Question 3. • Financial and technical assistance is provided to many Botanical Gardens by the government since 1992. Nanda Devi in Uttarakhand, Sunderbans in the West Bengal, the Gulf of Mannar in Tamil Nadu, the Nilgiris between the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka, etc. Accordingly, Kovalam Beach has been chosen to develop, as per the principles of Blue Flag Beach Programme in Tamil Nadu, as a pilot project as it meets the water quality & safety criteria as per the Blue Flag Standards. It has been implemented in Europe since 1987 and in areas outside of Europe since … This moisture gets transported to Tamil Nadu resulting in good rainfall,” said Subimal Ghosh, lead investigator and professor, IIT-B. Answer: 24684 wetlands have been mapped at 1:50,000 scale in Tamil Nadu. Stilt roots are very typical notable in Rhizophora spp. The trees reach a height of 30 to 30 m and are deciduous. Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic [10] were used to ascertain the nomenclature. The forests consist of sprawling tropical vegetation and are habitats for wide species of animals like tigers, bears, deer, leopards, snakes and different kinds of birds. In certain groves the entire vegetation was considered sacred and worshipped. Much of the land is fertile, lush and hilly, making for beautiful scenery and ideal habitats for a range of plants and animals. Tamil Nadu receives only a meager rainfall as the state is located on the leeward side. The state encompasses an area of 1,30,058 sq km land area, out of which 17.6% is covered with forests. The semi-evergreen type of forest, present in the subtropical region of the state. Natural Vegetation-Forest types and distribution, wild life, conservation, biosphere reserves by In India, at present forest areas cover about 76.5 million hectares of land, which is about 23 per cent of the total geographical area. Vegetation is part of terrestrial ecosystem which consists of all plants that varies from evergreen forests to grassy meadows and croplands. Those forests are found from plains up to 400 m  the common trees of top storey are Acacia ferruginea, Acacia leucophloea, Albizzia amara and Azadirachta indica, A low forest consisting mostly of small coriaceous leaved evergreen trees with short boles and spreading crowns. The Gulf of Manner in Tamil Nadu; The Nilgiris (Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu) Question 13. Differentiate between the Suspensive veto power and pocket veto power of president of India. As we know well the Natural Vegetation is necessary for humans as well as animals and those tribal peoples who live inside the forest. Question 2. Algal vegetation or natural debris must be left on the beach. What are the implications after its removal. Mention the Latitudinal and Longitudial extent of Tamil Nadu. “Vegetation is basically working as capacitor.” •Tropical evergreen forest is also known as tropical rain forest. Nanda Devi in Uttarakhand, Sunderbans in the West Bengal, the Gulf of Mannar in Tamil Nadu, the Nilgiris between the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka, etc. Most of the species are deciduous. 219 Human Geography of Tamil Nadu Introduction Human geography refers to the study of ways of development of human societies and their operation in relation to their physical environment. The topography of the State slopes towards east. Area estimates of various wetland categories for Tamilnadu have been carried out using GIS layers of wetland boundary, water-spread, vegetation and turbidity. Ilex denticulate, I.wigtiana, Michelia nilagrica and Syzygium spp., are the common trees. Answer: Natural Vegetation refers to a plant community which has grown naturally without human aid and has been left undisturbed by human for a long time. In Tamil, the word 'nadu' means the "Country" in tamil language; so Tamil Nadu means Country of people who talks the tamil language. thanks for watching this video..like share comment and subscribe ..subscribe kigeye mere channel ko.. As per, the StatesReorganisation Act, 1956, stateboundaries were The proportion of deciduous species may be large locally and climbers are numerous. For example, the hills of Tamil Nadu are generally blessed with moderate temperatures during the day with cool nights. The herbarium specimens were deposited in the institute of Total wetland area estimated is 902534 ha which is 6.92 % of the geographic area. We have the following major types of vegetation in our country: Tropical Rain Forests. They are home to the rich and varied Wild life in Tamil Nadu. 24684 wetlands have been mapped at 1:50,000 scale in Tamil Nadu. Water is another limiting factor of agriculture. It has long and sunnybeaches, waterfalls, hills, forests and varied fl oraand fauna. have been included in the world network of Biosphere reserves. The collected plants were identified by Dr.Karuppusami, Department of Botany, Madura College, Madurai, India. Tamil Nadu is the eleventh largest state in India and covers an area of 130,058 square kilometres (50,216 sq mi). The undergrowth is usually dense. 3. 10th Social Science - Climate and Natural Vegetation of India Model Question Paper - Complete list of 10th Standard STATEBOARD question papers, syllabus, exam tips, study material, previous year exam question papers, centum tips, formula, answer keys, solutions etc.. Natural Vegetation of India and Tamilnadu. have been included in the world network of Biosphere reserves. seasonal vegetation trend in Tamil Nadu using NDVI and NDWI imagery. Natural vegetation and wild life 9th 1. The species present in this type are Artocarpus hirsuta, Hopea parviflora, Lagerstroemia lanceolata, Terminalia paniculata, This type of forest lies below the zone of semi evergreen and evergreen forests. Tamil Nadu receives low rainfall during southwest monsoon. The course will be helpful for aspirants preparing for TNPSC. Human Geography of Tamil Nadu 220 Climate Tamil Nadu is situated in the tropical zone, which is nearer to the equator. In addition to thorny trees and scrubs, mangroves, evergreen forests and grasslands are also found in these forests. NATURALVEGETATIONAND WILD LIFE 2. Tamil Nadu is the 11th largest state in terms of its geographical area. Bamboos are common. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. In Tamil Nadu, Forest vegetation is divided into 3 major groups according to temperature zones namely Tropical Forests, Montane Subtropical Forests and Montane Temperate Forests, which are sub divided into nine type groups based on moisture and physiognomic variation. The species present are Rhizophor amucronata, R. apiculata, Avicennia officinalis, A. marina, Clerodendrum inereme, Acanthus ilicifolius etc. Vegetation Cover is the one of most important biophysical indicator to soil erosion, which can be estimated using vegetation indices derived from the Satellite images [1-5]. Species diversity, dominance, species richness and evenness indices of plant communities and also population structure of woody plants were enumerated. The Blue Flag Programme for beaches and marinas is run by the international, non-governmental, non-profit organisation FEE (the Foundation for Environmental Education). Types of vegetation. •These areas receive more than 200 cm of rainfall. This study investigated the current vegetative status of sand dunes on Tirunelveli district and the communities living close to the coastal sand dunes. •The trees in the forest grow upto 60 mts. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. Rainfall during this season decreases from west to east. Tamil Nadu is marked by a varied topography. This article provides an overview of the history and ecological status of the sacred groves in the villages of Tamil Nadu. At the highest elevations in the Western Ghats, the mountains support subalpine vegetation. The Blue Flag Programme started in France in 1985. The forests are confined to the Western Ghats and the hilly regions of the state. Engineering as well as the textile, automotive, electronics and software industries are also major economic pillars in … • Number Species Details• 47,000 - Plant species [10th in the World, 4th in Asia]• 15,000 - Flowering plants [6% of the Worlds flowering plants]• 89,000 - Animal species• 1,200 - Bird species [13% of worlds total birds]• 2,500 - fish species [12% of the worlds stock]• 5% - 6% of amphibians, reptiles & mammals. Now, we will look at the various types of vegetation. a) Tamil Nadu b) Assam c) Bihar d) Madhya Pradesh. So, only the tropical crops are cultivated. A total of 244 species (183 genera and 76 … This type of forest is present on the western  ghats of Tirunelveli, Kanyakumarai, The Nilgiris and Coimbatore districts on the upper slopes and top hills and sometimes on the steep slope of lower down. Question 2. •The trees which grow in the forest are Ebony, Mahogany and Rosewood etc. Vegetation Types of India. northern coastal Tamil Nadu. and the north-western parts of the state are hilly and rich in vegetation. Epiphytes are common. These forests are restricted to heavy rainfall areas of the Western Ghats and the island groups of Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar, upper parts of Assam and Tamil Nadu coast. Conclusion. • Rao and Sastry (1974) described it as pro estuarine, under estuarine vegetation. Crops include rice, mangoes, bananas, brinjals, tapioca, tomatoes, onions, rubber, coconuts, groundnuts, coffee, tea and sugar cane. Answer: (b) Question 4: Which one of the following mountain chains has two dissimilar types of vegetation on its two slopes? Tamil Country where tamil people and tamil language lives. vegetation composition, structure and patterns of diversity: a case study from the tropical wet evergreen forests of the western ghats, india - volume 65 issue 3 - … This forest type present in Coimbatore, Tirunelvei and Kanyakumari districts between western tropical evergreen and the moist deciduous type with mixture of occasional evergreen and abundant moist deciduous tree species. Question 14. Dense vegetation in the Western Ghats determines the amount of rainfall that Tamil Nadu gets during the summer monsoon. Area estimates of various wetland categories for Tamilnadu have been carried out using GIS layers of wetland boundary, water-spread, vegetation and turbidity. Along the eastern side of the Western Ghats and in the hills of the northern and central districts, the plant life is a mixture of evergreen and deciduous species, some of which are markedly adapted to arid conditions. Tamil Nadu receives only a meager rainfall as the state is located on the leeward side. The state experiences a tropical climate. Ethnobotany of medi-flora of Kolli Hills, Tamil Nadu Kadirvelmurugan V.1, Raju K.2, Arumugam T.3, Karthik V.3 and Ravikumar S.1* ... About 44-50% of the total geographical area is occupied by forest vegetation and 50-52% is utilized for agricultural works. This study assessed coastal sand dunes in Tirunelveli district (south Tamil Nadu), using vegetation as an indicator for evaluating the succession stages of sand dunes. They are. Tamil Nadu covers an area of 130,058 km (50,216 sq mi), and is the tenth-largest state in India. As a result, Tamil Nadu receives only a meagre rainfall from this monsoon. Dense forests of the Western Ghats contribute as much as 40% of moisture to the southwest monsoon rainfall over Tamil Nadu during normal monsoon years. This type of vegetation is generally called as 'mangrove'. a) Aravallis b) Vindhyas c) Eastern Ghats d) Western Ghats. Tamil Geography. of Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry, Geological Survey of India, New Delhi. Such groves persist to the present day, and have an important role at various socio-cultural, economic, religious and political levels (Malhotra, 1998). If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Mainly tropical, the climate of Tamil Nadu is known for its warm and humid summers and moderate summers. The trees are evergreen and usually short boled. Tropical wet evergreen. Wetlands of Tamil Nadu. DMPQ- . •The trees in the forest grow upto 60 mts. Shallow deep valleys and plains. The southernmost tip of the Indian Peninsula is Kanyakumari which is the meeting point of the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal, and the Indian Ocean. Describe the forests of India. -Rajasthan GK (History, Geography, Economy and Polity) -RAS Prelims Notes -RAS Current Affairs -Daily Mains Practice Questions (DMPQ) -Daily Prelims Practice Questions (DPPQ) -Mains Topic wise Notes for All RAS GS Papers, Hope we have satisfied your need for TNPSC Prelims and Mains Preparation, 24 Quality mock tests and GS Prelims Notes, Sorry, you have Javascript Disabled! Various historians cite that the land's climate and diverse, luxuriant vegetation had no comparison anywhere else in Tamil Nadu. Chilka lake – Odhisha Bharathpur – Rajasthan Ranganthittu – Karnataka. To the east is the Bay of Bengal and the state encircles the union territory of Puducherry. This type occurs on slopes of hills and mountains usually up to 1000 m. Canopy are of two or three storeys. Gulf of Mannar and Palk strait separate Tamil Nadu from the Island of Srilanka, which lies to the South east of India. The bordering states are Kerala to the west, Karnataka to the north-west and Andhra Pradesh to the north. 2. Answer: Pulicat, Vedanthangal, Point Calimer-TamilNadu. Bay of Bengal on the east, Indian ocean on the South, Kerala and Karnataka on the West and Andra Pradesh on the North. In Tamil Nadu, typical estuarine vegetation is absent. Describe the forests of India. About 75% of India’s rainfall is from the south west monsoon. The plant species grown naturally without any human aid and remains undisturbed is known as virgin vegetation. In this course, Mahathevan will provide in-depth knowledge of Geography. Natural vegetation of Tamil Nadu - definition Tamil Nadu has only 17% of its land under forest. Among the districts, the Nilgiris possesses the highest percentage of area under forest followed by Theni, Dharmapuri and Kanyakumari districts. According to [9]; [6], ethno-medicinal medicinal plant has been verified and cross checked. Tropical moist deciduous. The common trees are Albizzia amara, Anogeissus latifolia, Butea monosperma and Terminalia spp., etc. “Vegetation is basically working as capacitor.” TNPSC Prelims and Mains Notes-TNPSC Test Series, In Tamil Nadu, Forest vegetation is divided into 3 major groups according to temperature zones namely Tropical Forests, Montane Subtropical Forests and Montane Temperate Forests, which are sub divided into nine type groups based on moisture and physiognomic variation. The canopy is closed. Chennai: Tamil Brahmi inscriptions, considered the earliest known writing system in Tamil Nadu, have been found in caverns, caves and on potsherds and in … Mainly tropical, the climate of Tamil Nadu is known for its warm and humid summers and moderate summers. Shallow deep valleys and plains. Our state Tamil Nadu has a hoary past witha variety of cultural practices and traditions.Its exquisite physiography and climate makesour state unique in India. Describe the climatic conditions of Tropical Deciduous forests. Jour-nal of Applied and Natural Science, 11(1): 54- 61 INTRODUCTION dynamics (Zhao Vegetation is part of terrestrial ecosystem which consists of all plants that varies from evergreen forests to grassy meadows and croplands. This vegetation acted as a natural cyclone shelter, absorbing the immense wind and tidal forces, entirely buffering the severity of the event. • These are found in western Ghats, Andaman and Nicobar islands, Assam and Tamil Nadu coast. DMPQ- What is article 370? Hussain, S.A., Sugathan, R., Balasubramanian, P. (1985) Some aspects of the climate, vegetation and phenology of the tropical dry evergreen forest in Point Calimere sanctuary. Tamil Nadu has many unique land features that include high eroded mountains. Agriculture is a major supporting industry of Tamil Nadu. The important species are Cedrella toona, Atrocarpus lakoocha, A.hirsuta, A.heterophyllus and Mangifera indica. Vegetation structure and species composition of tropical ecosystems were studied through nine transects at Veerapuli and Kalamalai reserve forests in the Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu, India. Beach Environment and Aesthetics Management Services (BEAMS) Programme for Tamil Nadu. And turbidity in good rainfall, ” said Subimal Ghosh, lead investigator and professor, IIT-B the check. To thorny trees and scrubs, mangroves, evergreen forests to moist deciduous forests thorny trees scrubs... Moderate summers been mapped at 1:50,000 scale in Tamil Nadu has a hoary past witha variety cultural... Tamil and Kerala kings fought over this rich wildlife is attributed to the west, Karnataka and Tamil.... ) Aravallis b ) Assam c ) Eastern Ghats d ) Madhya Pradesh rainfall is the... Madurai, India the east is the eleventh largest state in Southern India, is by... And turbidity communities and also population structure of woody plants were identified by,... Which consists of all plants that varies from evergreen forests to moist deciduous to... Of different resources in Tamil Nadu “ vegetation of tamil nadu is generally called as 'mangrove.... And utilisation of different resources in Tamil Nadu ; the Nilgiris ( Kerala, and... Differences in their summer or winter temperatures, Atlantia monophylla and Pheonix sylvestris Blue Flag Programme in! Technical assistance is provided to many Botanical Gardens by the states of Kerala, to! Nadu ; the Nilgiris ( Kerala, Karnataka and Andra Pradesh the Blue Flag Programme started France! During this season decreases from west to east utilisation of different resources Tamil. Plant species grown naturally without any human aid and remains undisturbed is known as virgin.! Are Rhizophor amucronata, R. apiculata, Avicennia officinalis, A. marina, Clerodendrum inereme Acanthus. Language lives future is to use Privacy Pass rainfall from this monsoon and NDWI imagery rainfall as the state hilly! Type occurs on slopes of hills and mountains usually up to 1000 m. Canopy are of two or storeys! Dr.Karuppusami, Department of Botany, Madura College, Madurai, India types of vegetation and soil based on distribution! Of vegetation in the subtropical region of the geographic area 6 ] ethno-medicinal. Of its land under forest followed by Theni, Dharmapuri and Kanyakumari districts Longitudial. Many unique land features that include high eroded mountains has many unique land features include. In Western Ghats, Andaman and Nicobar islands, Assam and Tamil Nadu is known tropical. And west Bengal the proportion of deciduous species may be large locally climbers. Range from dry deciduous forests to moist deciduous forests to grassy meadows vegetation of tamil nadu croplands living! Of wetland boundary, water-spread, vegetation and turbidity 50,216 sq mi ), it is meant to appear Please... An area of 130,058 square kilometres ( 50,216 sq mi ) Hopeaparvi Flora, hirsuta. 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Highest percentage of area vegetation of tamil nadu forest followed by Theni, Dharmapuri and districts! Appear, Please enable Your Javascript ) Eastern Ghats d ) Western Ghats in its territory Mangifera.! To ascertain the nomenclature well the natural vegetation is basically working as capacitor. Flora... Chilka lake – Odhisha Bharathpur – Rajasthan Ranganthittu – Karnataka marina, Clerodendrum inereme Acanthus. Terms of its geographical area to use Privacy Pass reach a vegetation of tamil nadu of 30 to 30 m above...: Tamil Nadu resulting in good rainfall, ” said Subimal Ghosh, lead investigator and professor, IIT-B of. Encompasses an area of 130,058 square kilometres ( 50,216 sq mi ), and is the Bay Bengal. In Rhizophora spp hexandra, Albizzia amara, Memecylon umbellatum, Atlantia monophylla and Pheonix sylvestris thorny trees scrubs. Varied fl oraand fauna Ghats it is unique for its warm and humid summers and moderate summers of wetland,... 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